Predicting Drug Response in Human Prostate Cancer from Preclinical Analysis of In Vivo Mouse Models

Antonina Mitrofanova, Alvaro Aytes, Min Zou, Michael M. Shen, Cory Abate-Shen, Andrea Califano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Although genetically engineered mouse (GEM) models are often used to evaluate cancer therapies, extrapolation of such preclinical data to human cancer can be challenging. Here, we introduce an approach that uses drug perturbation data from GEM models to predict drug efficacy in human cancer. Network-based analysis of expression profiles from in vivo treatment of GEM models identified drugs and drug combinations that inhibit the activity of FOXM1 and CENPF, which are master regulators of prostate cancer malignancy. Validation of mouse and human prostate cancer models confirmed the specificity and synergy of a predicted drug combination to abrogate FOXM1/CENPF activity and inhibit tumorigenicity. Network-based analysis of treatment signatures from GEM models identified treatment-responsive genes in human prostate cancer that are potential biomarkers of patient response. More generally, this approach allows systematic identification of drugs that inhibit tumor dependencies, thereby improving the utility of GEM models for prioritizing drugs for clinical evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2060-2071
Number of pages12
JournalCell Reports
Issue number12
StatePublished - Sep 29 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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