Predicting outcomes or modeling process? Commentary on the health action process approach

Howard Leventhal, Pablo A. Mora

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Scopus citations


Schwarzer (2008) reviews the evidence for two major contributions of the Health Action Process Approach model (HAPA) to current theory and behavioral health research: (1) the differentiation of concepts by both content and process, and (2) clear recognition of the temporal aspect in the assembly of health behavior sequences. This commentary discusses four areas for HAPA to address for a more complete explanation of health behaviors and their determinants. Further, we suggest that incorporating into HAPA the hierarchical structure of the control systems that regulate health behaviors and the importance of concrete experience in initiating and maintaining behavior, elements emphasised in the Commonsense Model of Self-regulation, will enrich HAPA's theoretical base and increase its utility for the development of interventions for behavioral change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-65
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology

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