Preparation and characterization of PbS nanoclusters made by using a powder method on ionomers

G. Roshan Deen, M. Hara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

By using a powder method, a new method for producing semiconductor/polymer nanocomposites, lead sulfide (PbS) nanoparticles were prepared and dispersed in either poly(methylmethacrylate-co-methacrylic acid) or poly(styrene-co- styrenesulfonic acid). The size of the nanoclusters was less than 2 nm, and the size distribution was rather sharp, determined by UV-vis absorption spectroscopy. The absorption spectra of the PbS-containing sheets showed a blue shift and the absorption edges were steep, reflecting the formation of nano-sized PbS clusters. The spectra also exhibited an absorption maximum, which is an indication of a narrow particle size distribution. The glass transition temperature (Tg) of the PbS-containing nanocomposites was higher than that of the corresponding ionomer. The effect of heat treatment on the aggregation of PbS is also discussed. The dissolution of powder samples, followed by neutralization of acidic groups, led to reduction of particle sizes, suggesting the usefulness of ionic groups for stabilizing PbS nanoclusters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10883-10889
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer
Volume46
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 21 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Keywords

  • Ionomers
  • PbS nanoclusters
  • Powder method

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