The states are now preparing or adopting ground water strategies under EPA direction. State and federal initiatives are currently uncoordinated, and do not add up to a coherent program. Meanwhile, ubiquitous point and nonpoint pollution sources are contaminating aquifers. The New Jersey strategy restates or formalizes various policies, principles and procedures which are established or implicit in present practice. Significant aspects are new, such as the approach to nonpoint pollution source control programs for ground water. The most important initiatives involve coordination of water supply and hazardous waste remedial programs for contaminated wellfields. The strategy applies primarily to action by the State under its own and delegated authorities, but also has important federal implications.