Roberto Chang, Constantino Hevia, Norman Loayza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper studies cycles of nationalization and privatization in resource-rich economies. It starts with a synthesis of available evidence on the drivers and consequences of privatization and nationalization. Then it develops a dynamic model of the choice between private and national regimes for the ownership of natural resources. The choice is driven by a basic equality-efficiency trade-off: national ownership results in more redistribution of income and more equality but undermines incentives for effort. We discuss how the resolution of the trade-off depends on external variables-such as the commodity price-and domestic ones-such as the tax system. The model thus identifies the determinants of the observed cycles of privatization and nationalization and is consistent with key stylized facts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-361
Number of pages31
JournalMacroeconomic Dynamics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics


  • Institutions
  • Nationalization
  • Natural Resources
  • Oil
  • Privatization


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