Climatic factors and pathogenic fungi threaten global banana production. Moreover, bananas are being cultivated using excessive amendments of nitrogen and pesticides, which shift the microbial diversity in plants and soil. Advances in high-throughput sequencing (HTS) technologies and culture-dependent methods have provided valuable information about microbial diversity and functionality of plant-associated endophytic communities. Under stressful (biotic or abiotic) conditions, plants can recruit sets of microorganisms to alleviate specific potentially detrimental effects, a phenomenon known as “cry for help”. This mechanism is likely initiated in banana plants infected by Fusarium wilt pathogen. Recently, reports demonstrated the synergistic and cumulative effects of synthetic microbial communities (SynComs) on naturally occurring plant microbiomes. Indeed, probiotic SynComs have been shown to increase plant resilience against biotic and abiotic stresses and promote growth. This review focuses on endophytic bacterial diversity and keystone taxa of banana plants. We also discuss the prospects of creating SynComs composed of endophytic bacteria that could enhance the production and sustainability of Cavendish bananas (Musa acuminata AAA), the fourth most important crop for maintaining global food security.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Endophytic bacteria
- Fusarium oxysporum
- Pseudocercospora fijiensis