Problem Gambling in Adolescents: An Examination of the Pathways Model

Rina Gupta, Lia Nower, Jeffrey L. Derevensky, Alex Blaszczynski, Neda Faregh, Caroline Temcheff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

This research tests the applicability of the Integrated Pathways Model for gambling to adolescent problem gamblers, utilizing a cross-sectional design and self-report questionnaires. Although the overall sample consisted of 1,133 adolescents (Quebec: n = 994, 87.7 %; Ontario: n = 139, 12.3 %: Male = 558, 49.5 %; Female = 569, 50.5 %), only problem gamblers were retained in testing the model (N = 109). Personality and clinical features were assessed using the Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory, attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) using the Conners-Wells' Adolescent Self-Report Scale, and the DSM-IV-MR-J and Gambling Activities Questionnaire to determine gambling severity and reasons for gambling. Latent class analysis concluded 5 classes, yet still provided preliminary support for three distinct subgroups similar to those proposed by the Pathways Model, adding a depression only subtype, and a subtype of problem gamblers experiencing both internalizing and externalizing disorders. ADHD symptoms were found to be common to 4 of the 5 classes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)575-588
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Gambling Studies
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Psychology(all)

Keywords

  • Adolescent gambling
  • Co morbidity
  • Etiology
  • Gambling subtypes
  • Problem gambling

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