Production of 41Ca and K, Sc and V short-lived isotopes by the irradiation of Ti with 35 to 150 MeV protons: applications to solar cosmic ray studies

D. Fink, J. Sisterson, S. Vogt, G. Herzog, J. Klein, R. Middleton, A. Koehler, A. Magliss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to accurately model 41Ca production from solar cosmic ray (SCR) proton interactions on titanium at the lunar surface, we have measured the natTi(p,3pχn)41Ca excitation function for Ep = 35-150 MeV. The irradiated Ti foils were initially analyzed for their induced γ-activity to identify short-lived products and subsequently measured for their 41Ca content by accelerator mass spectrometry. Excitation curves, over the above energy range, were also obtained for 42,43K, 44g,44m,46,47,48Sc and 48V results for 41Ca are compared to both semi-empirical and model-based nuclear spallation calculations. We also used it to determine the magnitude and energy spectrum of the SCR flux from the measured Ca production profile in the Ti-rich lunar basalt, 74275. The results for K, Sc and V radionuclides were compared to previous measurements and agree favourably at low energies (E < 50 MeV) but are larger by ∼10-30% for higher energies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)601-607
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B
Volume52
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2 1990

Fingerprint

solar cosmic rays
Cosmic rays
Isotopes
Protons
isotopes
Irradiation
irradiation
Basalt
protons
Radioisotopes
Metal foil
Particle accelerators
Mass spectrometry
lunar surface
Titanium
spallation
Fluxes
basalt
radioactive isotopes
excitation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

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title = "Production of 41Ca and K, Sc and V short-lived isotopes by the irradiation of Ti with 35 to 150 MeV protons: applications to solar cosmic ray studies",
abstract = "In order to accurately model 41Ca production from solar cosmic ray (SCR) proton interactions on titanium at the lunar surface, we have measured the natTi(p,3pχn)41Ca excitation function for Ep = 35-150 MeV. The irradiated Ti foils were initially analyzed for their induced γ-activity to identify short-lived products and subsequently measured for their 41Ca content by accelerator mass spectrometry. Excitation curves, over the above energy range, were also obtained for 42,43K, 44g,44m,46,47,48Sc and 48V results for 41Ca are compared to both semi-empirical and model-based nuclear spallation calculations. We also used it to determine the magnitude and energy spectrum of the SCR flux from the measured Ca production profile in the Ti-rich lunar basalt, 74275. The results for K, Sc and V radionuclides were compared to previous measurements and agree favourably at low energies (E < 50 MeV) but are larger by ∼10-30{\%} for higher energies.",
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Production of 41Ca and K, Sc and V short-lived isotopes by the irradiation of Ti with 35 to 150 MeV protons : applications to solar cosmic ray studies. / Fink, D.; Sisterson, J.; Vogt, S.; Herzog, G.; Klein, J.; Middleton, R.; Koehler, A.; Magliss, A.

In: Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B, Vol. 52, No. 3-4, 02.12.1990, p. 601-607.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Production of 41Ca and K, Sc and V short-lived isotopes by the irradiation of Ti with 35 to 150 MeV protons

T2 - applications to solar cosmic ray studies

AU - Fink, D.

AU - Sisterson, J.

AU - Vogt, S.

AU - Herzog, G.

AU - Klein, J.

AU - Middleton, R.

AU - Koehler, A.

AU - Magliss, A.

PY - 1990/12/2

Y1 - 1990/12/2

N2 - In order to accurately model 41Ca production from solar cosmic ray (SCR) proton interactions on titanium at the lunar surface, we have measured the natTi(p,3pχn)41Ca excitation function for Ep = 35-150 MeV. The irradiated Ti foils were initially analyzed for their induced γ-activity to identify short-lived products and subsequently measured for their 41Ca content by accelerator mass spectrometry. Excitation curves, over the above energy range, were also obtained for 42,43K, 44g,44m,46,47,48Sc and 48V results for 41Ca are compared to both semi-empirical and model-based nuclear spallation calculations. We also used it to determine the magnitude and energy spectrum of the SCR flux from the measured Ca production profile in the Ti-rich lunar basalt, 74275. The results for K, Sc and V radionuclides were compared to previous measurements and agree favourably at low energies (E < 50 MeV) but are larger by ∼10-30% for higher energies.

AB - In order to accurately model 41Ca production from solar cosmic ray (SCR) proton interactions on titanium at the lunar surface, we have measured the natTi(p,3pχn)41Ca excitation function for Ep = 35-150 MeV. The irradiated Ti foils were initially analyzed for their induced γ-activity to identify short-lived products and subsequently measured for their 41Ca content by accelerator mass spectrometry. Excitation curves, over the above energy range, were also obtained for 42,43K, 44g,44m,46,47,48Sc and 48V results for 41Ca are compared to both semi-empirical and model-based nuclear spallation calculations. We also used it to determine the magnitude and energy spectrum of the SCR flux from the measured Ca production profile in the Ti-rich lunar basalt, 74275. The results for K, Sc and V radionuclides were compared to previous measurements and agree favourably at low energies (E < 50 MeV) but are larger by ∼10-30% for higher energies.

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