Proliferation of esophageal epithelial cells among residents of Linxian, People's Republic of China

G. C. Yang, M. Lipkin, K. Yang, G. Q. Wang, J. Y. Li, Chung Yang, S. Winawer, H. Newmark, W. J. Blot, J. F. Fraumeni

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27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Histopathologic and tritiated thymidine labeling subjects were carried out on esophageal biopsy specimens of 44 human subjects with cytologic evidence of dysplasia from Linxian, People's Republic of China, a high-risk area for esophageal cancer. With the use of histopathologic criteria, 10 cases showed evidence of dysplasia, 20 hyperplasia, and 14 a near-normal morphology when compared with 21 normal cases studied previously from Jiaoxian, a low-risk area for esophageal cancer in the People's Republic of China. Significantly increased labeling indices were found in the esophageal mucosa of the dysplasia and hyperplasia subjects. There was a gradient of increased expansion in the basal layer of proliferating cells progressing from normal to hyperplasia to dysplasia, with the expansion twice as high in the epithelial cell lining in dysplasia when compared with the findings in the normal and near-normal groups. The correlation of proliferative abnormalities with the severity of precancerous lesions of the esophagus indicates that labeling studies may provide a sensitive adjunct to evaluate risk status and any modifications that might result from nutritional intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1241-1246
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Volume79
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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