Prostanoids mediate IL-1β-induced β-adrenergic hyporesponsiveness in human airway smooth muscle cells

Johanne D. Laporte, Paul E. Moore, Reynold A. Panettieri, Winfried Moeller, Joachim Heyder, Stephanie A. Shore

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We have previously reported that pretreatment of cultured human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cells with interleukin-1β (IL-1β) results in decreased β-adrenergic responsiveness. The purpose of this study was to determine whether prostanoids released as a result of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) induction by IL-1β contribute to this effect of the cytokine. Confluent serum-deprived HASM cells were studied in passages 4-7. IL-1β (20 ng/ml for 22 h) reduced the ability of the β-agonist isoproterenol (Iso) to decrease stiffness of HASM cells as measured by magnetic twisting cytometry. The effect of IL-1β on Iso-induced changes in cell stiffness was abolished by nonselective [indomethacin (Indo), 10-6 M] and selective (NS-398, 10-5 M) COX-2 inhibitors. Indo and NS-398 also inhibited both the increased basal cAMP and the decreases in Iso-stimulated cAMP production induced by IL-1β. IL-1β (20 ng/ml for 22 h) caused an increase in both basal (15-fold) and arachidonic acid (AA)-stimulated (10-fold) PGE2 release. Indo blocked basal and AA-stimulated PGE2 release in both control and IL-1β-treated cells. NS- 398 also markedly reduced basal and AA-stimulated PGE2 release in IL-1β- treated cells but had no significant effect on AA-stimulated PGE2 release in control cells. Western blot analysis confirmed the induction of COX-2 by IL- 1β. Exogenously administered PGE2 (10-7 M, 22 h) caused a significant reduction in the ability of Iso to decrease cell stiffness, mimicking the effects of IL-1β. Cycloheximide (10 μg/ml for 24 h), an inhibitor of protein synthesis, also abolished the effects of IL-1β on Iso-induced cell stiffness changes and cAMP formation. In summary, our results indicate that IL-1β significantly increases prostanoid release by HASM cells as a result of increased COX-2 expression. The prostanoids appear to contribute to β- adrenergic hyporesponsiveness, perhaps by heterologous desensitization of the β2 receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L491-L501
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Issue number3 19-3
StatePublished - Sep 1 1998


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology


  • Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate
  • Cytoskeletal mechanics
  • Indomethacin
  • Interleukin-1β
  • NS-398
  • Prostaglandin E

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