Prostate Cancer Early Detection Program Recruitment Methods and Show Rates in Men at High Risk

Veda N. Giri, Elliot Coups, Karen Ruth, Julia Goplerud, Susan Raysor, Taylor Y. Kim, Loretta Bagden, Kathleen Mastalski, Debra Zakrzewski, Suzanne Leimkuhler, Deborah Watkins-Bruner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Men with a family history of prostate cancer and black men are at higher risk for prostate cancer. Recruitment and retention of these men at high risk into early detection programs is challenging. We report a comprehensive analysis of recruitment methods, show rates and participant factors from the Prostate Cancer Risk Assessment Program, a prospective, longitudinal prostate cancer screening study. Materials and Methods: Men 35 to 69 years old were eligible for recruitment if they had a family history of prostate cancer, were black or had a BRCA1/2 mutation. Recruitment methods were analyzed using standard statistical methods with respect to participant demographics and presentation to the first program appointment. Results: Of 707 men recruited 64.9% presented to the initial program appointment. More men were recruited via radio than via referral or other methods (chi-square = 298.13, p <0.0001). Men recruited by radio were more likely to be black (p <0.001), less educated (p = 0.003) and not married or partnered (p = 0.007), and have no prostate cancer family history (p <0.001). Men recruited by referral had a higher income (p = 0.007) and were more likely to attend the initial program visit than those recruited by radio or other methods (chi-square = 27.08, p <0.0001). Conclusions: This comprehensive analysis shows that radio led to higher recruitment of black men with lower socioeconomic status. However, these men at high risk have a lower presentation rate for prostate cancer screening. Targeted motivational measures must be studied to improve the show rate for prostate cancer risk assessment in these men at high risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2212-2218
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume182
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009

Fingerprint

Prostatic Neoplasms
Radio
Early Detection of Cancer
Appointments and Schedules
Referral and Consultation
Social Class
Demography
Mutation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • mass screening
  • patient participation
  • prostate
  • prostatic neoplasms

Cite this

Giri, V. N., Coups, E., Ruth, K., Goplerud, J., Raysor, S., Kim, T. Y., ... Watkins-Bruner, D. (2009). Prostate Cancer Early Detection Program Recruitment Methods and Show Rates in Men at High Risk. Journal of Urology, 182(5), 2212-2218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2009.07.021
Giri, Veda N. ; Coups, Elliot ; Ruth, Karen ; Goplerud, Julia ; Raysor, Susan ; Kim, Taylor Y. ; Bagden, Loretta ; Mastalski, Kathleen ; Zakrzewski, Debra ; Leimkuhler, Suzanne ; Watkins-Bruner, Deborah. / Prostate Cancer Early Detection Program Recruitment Methods and Show Rates in Men at High Risk. In: Journal of Urology. 2009 ; Vol. 182, No. 5. pp. 2212-2218.
@article{ff2a20693e1f430ba66f8a4cd2306f8d,
title = "Prostate Cancer Early Detection Program Recruitment Methods and Show Rates in Men at High Risk",
abstract = "Purpose: Men with a family history of prostate cancer and black men are at higher risk for prostate cancer. Recruitment and retention of these men at high risk into early detection programs is challenging. We report a comprehensive analysis of recruitment methods, show rates and participant factors from the Prostate Cancer Risk Assessment Program, a prospective, longitudinal prostate cancer screening study. Materials and Methods: Men 35 to 69 years old were eligible for recruitment if they had a family history of prostate cancer, were black or had a BRCA1/2 mutation. Recruitment methods were analyzed using standard statistical methods with respect to participant demographics and presentation to the first program appointment. Results: Of 707 men recruited 64.9{\%} presented to the initial program appointment. More men were recruited via radio than via referral or other methods (chi-square = 298.13, p <0.0001). Men recruited by radio were more likely to be black (p <0.001), less educated (p = 0.003) and not married or partnered (p = 0.007), and have no prostate cancer family history (p <0.001). Men recruited by referral had a higher income (p = 0.007) and were more likely to attend the initial program visit than those recruited by radio or other methods (chi-square = 27.08, p <0.0001). Conclusions: This comprehensive analysis shows that radio led to higher recruitment of black men with lower socioeconomic status. However, these men at high risk have a lower presentation rate for prostate cancer screening. Targeted motivational measures must be studied to improve the show rate for prostate cancer risk assessment in these men at high risk.",
keywords = "African Americans, mass screening, patient participation, prostate, prostatic neoplasms",
author = "Giri, {Veda N.} and Elliot Coups and Karen Ruth and Julia Goplerud and Susan Raysor and Kim, {Taylor Y.} and Loretta Bagden and Kathleen Mastalski and Debra Zakrzewski and Suzanne Leimkuhler and Deborah Watkins-Bruner",
year = "2009",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.juro.2009.07.021",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "182",
pages = "2212--2218",
journal = "Journal of Urology",
issn = "0022-5347",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "5",

}

Giri, VN, Coups, E, Ruth, K, Goplerud, J, Raysor, S, Kim, TY, Bagden, L, Mastalski, K, Zakrzewski, D, Leimkuhler, S & Watkins-Bruner, D 2009, 'Prostate Cancer Early Detection Program Recruitment Methods and Show Rates in Men at High Risk', Journal of Urology, vol. 182, no. 5, pp. 2212-2218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2009.07.021

Prostate Cancer Early Detection Program Recruitment Methods and Show Rates in Men at High Risk. / Giri, Veda N.; Coups, Elliot; Ruth, Karen; Goplerud, Julia; Raysor, Susan; Kim, Taylor Y.; Bagden, Loretta; Mastalski, Kathleen; Zakrzewski, Debra; Leimkuhler, Suzanne; Watkins-Bruner, Deborah.

In: Journal of Urology, Vol. 182, No. 5, 01.11.2009, p. 2212-2218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prostate Cancer Early Detection Program Recruitment Methods and Show Rates in Men at High Risk

AU - Giri, Veda N.

AU - Coups, Elliot

AU - Ruth, Karen

AU - Goplerud, Julia

AU - Raysor, Susan

AU - Kim, Taylor Y.

AU - Bagden, Loretta

AU - Mastalski, Kathleen

AU - Zakrzewski, Debra

AU - Leimkuhler, Suzanne

AU - Watkins-Bruner, Deborah

PY - 2009/11/1

Y1 - 2009/11/1

N2 - Purpose: Men with a family history of prostate cancer and black men are at higher risk for prostate cancer. Recruitment and retention of these men at high risk into early detection programs is challenging. We report a comprehensive analysis of recruitment methods, show rates and participant factors from the Prostate Cancer Risk Assessment Program, a prospective, longitudinal prostate cancer screening study. Materials and Methods: Men 35 to 69 years old were eligible for recruitment if they had a family history of prostate cancer, were black or had a BRCA1/2 mutation. Recruitment methods were analyzed using standard statistical methods with respect to participant demographics and presentation to the first program appointment. Results: Of 707 men recruited 64.9% presented to the initial program appointment. More men were recruited via radio than via referral or other methods (chi-square = 298.13, p <0.0001). Men recruited by radio were more likely to be black (p <0.001), less educated (p = 0.003) and not married or partnered (p = 0.007), and have no prostate cancer family history (p <0.001). Men recruited by referral had a higher income (p = 0.007) and were more likely to attend the initial program visit than those recruited by radio or other methods (chi-square = 27.08, p <0.0001). Conclusions: This comprehensive analysis shows that radio led to higher recruitment of black men with lower socioeconomic status. However, these men at high risk have a lower presentation rate for prostate cancer screening. Targeted motivational measures must be studied to improve the show rate for prostate cancer risk assessment in these men at high risk.

AB - Purpose: Men with a family history of prostate cancer and black men are at higher risk for prostate cancer. Recruitment and retention of these men at high risk into early detection programs is challenging. We report a comprehensive analysis of recruitment methods, show rates and participant factors from the Prostate Cancer Risk Assessment Program, a prospective, longitudinal prostate cancer screening study. Materials and Methods: Men 35 to 69 years old were eligible for recruitment if they had a family history of prostate cancer, were black or had a BRCA1/2 mutation. Recruitment methods were analyzed using standard statistical methods with respect to participant demographics and presentation to the first program appointment. Results: Of 707 men recruited 64.9% presented to the initial program appointment. More men were recruited via radio than via referral or other methods (chi-square = 298.13, p <0.0001). Men recruited by radio were more likely to be black (p <0.001), less educated (p = 0.003) and not married or partnered (p = 0.007), and have no prostate cancer family history (p <0.001). Men recruited by referral had a higher income (p = 0.007) and were more likely to attend the initial program visit than those recruited by radio or other methods (chi-square = 27.08, p <0.0001). Conclusions: This comprehensive analysis shows that radio led to higher recruitment of black men with lower socioeconomic status. However, these men at high risk have a lower presentation rate for prostate cancer screening. Targeted motivational measures must be studied to improve the show rate for prostate cancer risk assessment in these men at high risk.

KW - African Americans

KW - mass screening

KW - patient participation

KW - prostate

KW - prostatic neoplasms

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70350457760&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70350457760&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.juro.2009.07.021

DO - 10.1016/j.juro.2009.07.021

M3 - Article

VL - 182

SP - 2212

EP - 2218

JO - Journal of Urology

JF - Journal of Urology

SN - 0022-5347

IS - 5

ER -