Protein Components of the Purified Sodium Channel from Rat Skeletal Muscle Sarcolemma

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Abstract

Abstract: Sensitive detection systems have been used to study the protein components of the sodium channel purified from rat skeletal muscle sarcolemma. This functional, purified sodium channel contains at least three subunits on 7–20% gradient sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)‐polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis: a large glycoprotein which migrates anomalously in the high‐molecular‐weight range, a 45,000 molecular weight polypeptide, and a third protein often seen as a doublet at 38,000. The large glycoprotein runs as a diffuse band and stains very poorly with Coomassie blue, but is adequately visualized with silver staining or iodination followed by autoradiography. This glycoprotein exhibits anomalous electrophoretic behavior in SDS‐polyacrylamide gels. The apparent molecular weight of the center of the band varies from ∼230,000 on 13% acrylamide gels to ∼130,000 on 5% gels; on 7–20% gradient gels a value of 160,000 is found. Plots of relative migration versus gel concentration suggest an unusually high apparent free solution mobility. Lectin binding to purified channel peptides separated by gel electrophoresis indicates that the large glycoprotein is the only subunit that binds either concanavalin A or wheat germ agglutinin, and this component has high binding capacity for both lectins. The smaller channel components run consistently at 45,000 and 38,000 molecular weight in a variety of gel systems and do not appear to be glycosylated. 1983 International Society for Neurochemistry

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1377-1385
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1983
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Keywords

  • Glycoprotein
  • Sarcolemma
  • Sodium channel

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