Proteins involved in energy metabolism and oxidative regulation associated with genotypic variations in drought tolerance for tall fescue

Jianming Sun, Yiming Liu, Xianglin Li, Bingru Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Protein metabolism plays an important role in plant adaptation to drought stress. The objective of this study was to identify drought-responsive proteins associated with differential drought tolerance for a tolerant genotype (RU9) and a sensitive genotype (RU18) of tall fescue (Lolium arundinacea). Plants of both genotypes were grown under well-watered conditions or subjected to drought stress by withholding irrigation for 12 days in a growth chamber controlled at the optimal growth temperatures of 23/18 °C (day/night). Physiological analysis demonstrated that RU9 was relatively more drought tolerant than RU18, as shown by the higher leaf net photosynthetic rate (Pn) and photochemical efficiency at 12 days of drought treatment. Differentially expressed proteins between RU9 and RU18 exposed to drought stress were identified by two-dimensional electrophoresis and mass spectrometry (MS). Several proteins [photosystem I reaction center subunit II, Rubisco small subunit, and Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GADPH)] in photosynthesis, respiration, or oxidative regulation exhibited higher abundance in RU9 than RU18 under drought stress. These results suggested the critical importance of energy and oxidative metabolism in tall fescue adaptation to drought stress. Those abundant proteins in the drought-tolerant genotype could be used as biomarkers or developed to molecular markers to develop elite drought-tolerant germplasm in tall fescue and other cool-season perennial grass species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-212
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
Volume143
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Horticulture

Keywords

  • Festuca arundinacea
  • Lolium arundinacea
  • Proteomics
  • Water stress

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