Psychiatric Symptoms in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Matthew A. Menza, Jill Cocchiola, Lawrence I. Golbe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is an unusual neurodegenerative disorder that superficially resembles Parkinson's disease (PD). It is characterized by gaze palsy, bulbar signs, parkinsonian signs, and mental changes. While mental changes are a frequent finding, they have, with the exception of dementia, been poorly defined. In this study, 19 patients with PSP were evaluated psychiatrically and compared with 42 patients with PD. Fifty-two percent of the patients had some degree of dementia, as measured by the Mini-Mental State Exam. Eight (42%) of the PSP patients had other psychiatric diagnoses, mostly relatively mild depression or anxiety, though two patients had more severe depression. Six (32%) patients had pathologic laughing or crying, and four of these had a psychiatric diagnosis other than dementia. The PSP patients did not differ from the PD patients on measures of depression or anxiety and did not have a greater rate of formal psychiatric diagnoses. This study confirms previous reports of dementia as a common feature of PSP. It further suggests that psychiatric disturbances, while common, are generally relatively mild, though more serious psychiatric illness may be seen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)550-554
Number of pages5
JournalPsychosomatics
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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