Winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus), a demersal egg layer, is at risk from dioxins and metals in the sediments of the Hudson/Raritan Estuary (the Estuary). The effects of tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), mercuric chloride and sediment elutriates on the embryos of winter flounder from four sites in the Estuary, and a reference site: Long Island Sound (LI) were examined. Embryos were exposed from 2 days after fertilization until 2 days post hatch. TCDD absorption by embryos/larvae ranged from 13 to 44%, with an average 23.4%. One experiment, with the LI population showed a LD50 of 1.8 pg/larva (2.6 ng/g) and LD10 of 0.9 pg/larva (1.4 ng/g). Major observed lesions included pericardial edema (PE), and spinal lesions (SL). Background lesion occurrence in controls was 0.31 lesions/individual, and 0.27 major lesions/individual. NOELs were observed for PE 0.3-0.5 pg/larva, and SL 1.4-9.0 pg/larva. PE and SL are good indicators of low and high dose effects of TCDD in winter flounder, respectively. With mercuric chloride all populations showed 50% mortality at 100 μg/l, and 50% lesions at 25-50 μg/l. Three of seven sediment elutriates collected from the Estuary were acutely toxic. Site-specific variability in sediment toxicity and breeding stock sensitivity to known contaminants was observed. Future studies should incorporate metamorphosis from larva to juvenile. (USEPA:CR825437, NIEHS:ES07148). Copyright (C) 2000 .
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aquatic Science