In the past two decades, many research groups worldwide have tried to understand and categorize simple regimes in the charge transfer of such biological systems as DNA. Theoretically speaking, the lack of exact theories for electron-nuclear dynamics on one side and poor quality of the parameters needed by model Hamiltonians and nonadiabatic dynamics alike (such as couplings and site energies) on the other are the two main difficulties for an appropriate description of the charge transfer phenomena. In this work, we present an application of a previously benchmarked and linear-scaling subsystem density functional theory (DFT) method for the calculation of couplings, site energies, and superexchange decay factors (β) of several biological donor-acceptor dyads, as well as double stranded DNA oligomers composed of up to five base pairs. The calculations are all-electron and provide a clear view of the role of the environment on superexchange couplings in DNA-they follow experimental trends and confirm previous semiempirical calculations. The subsystem DFT method is proven to be an excellent tool for long-range, bridge-mediated coupling and site energy calculations of embedded molecular systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry