Quantitative lateral and vertical piezoresponse force microscopy on a PbTiO3 single crystal

Shiming Lei, Tae Yeong Koo, Wenwu Cao, Eugene A. Eliseev, Anna N. Morozovska, S. W. Cheong, Venkatraman Gopalan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) has emerged as a powerful tool for research in ferroelectric and piezoelectric materials. While the vertical PFM (VPFM) mode is well understood and applied at a quantitative level, the lateral PFM (LPFM) mode is rarely quantified, mainly due to the lack of a practical calibration methodology. Here by PFM imaging on a LiNbO3 180° domain wall, we demonstrate a convenient way to achieve simultaneous VPFM and LPFM calibrations. Using these calibrations, we perform a full quantitative VPFM and LPFM measurement on a (001)-cut PbTiO3 single crystal. The measured effective piezoelectric coefficients d 33 e f f and d 35 e f f together naturally provide more information on a material's local tensorial electromechanical properties. The proposed approach can be applied to a wide variety of ferroelectric and piezoelectric systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number124106
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number12
StatePublished - Sep 28 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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