Quantitative validation and analysis of the regime map approach for the wet granulation of industrially relevant zirconium hydroxide powders

Manogna Adepu, Siddhi Hate, Angelique Bétard, Sarang Oka, Marek Schongut, Maitraye Sen, Yadvaindera Sood, Dorit Wolf, Stefan Wieland, Frantisek Stepanek, Fernando Muzzio, Benjamin Glasser, Rohit Ramachandran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this work was to study the granulation behavior of three different types of zirconium hydroxide, each varying in particle size and density. Different concentrations of yttrium (III) nitrate hexahydrate (Y(NO3)3·6H2O) solutions were used as a doping agent and also acted as binder. Experiments were performed using a high shear wet granulation process by adjusting two parameters, 1. liquid to solid mass ratio and 2. impeller speed, to obtain four parameter settings (referred as bounds in the paper) for a two factorial design of experiment for each powder. To understand the granule growth behavior, a regime map analysis using the growth regime map first proposed by Iveson and Litster (1998) , was carried out on the bounds. The granule growth behavior observed experimentally was compared with the regime map results. Different growth behavior was observed for different powders. Furthermore, an attempt was made to obtain a steady growth for those parameter settings that initially resulted in an induction growth. A surfactant, SDS (Sodium dodecyl sulfate), was used to improve the wetting properties of the powder and its addition to the binder solution resulted in a steady growth that is more controllable for granulation manufacturing operations compared to induction growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
JournalPowder Technology
Volume294
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering

Keywords

  • Growth behavior
  • Impeller speed
  • Liquid to solid ratio
  • Particle size distribution
  • Regime map
  • Wet granulation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Quantitative validation and analysis of the regime map approach for the wet granulation of industrially relevant zirconium hydroxide powders'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this