Steroids, thyroid hormones, vitamin D3, and retinoids are lipophilic small molecules that regulate diverse biological effects such as cell differentiation; development, and homeostasis. The actions of these hormones are mediated by steroid/nuclear receptors which function as ligand-dependent transcriptional regulators. Transcriptional activation by ligand-bound receptors is a complex process requiring dissociation and recruitment of several additional cofactors. We report here the cloning and characterization of receptor-associated coactivator 3 (RAC3), a human transcriptional coactivator for steroid/nuclear receptors. RAC3 interacts with several liganded receptors through a mechanism which requires their respective ligand-dependent activation domains. RAC3 can activate transcription when tethered to a heterologous DNA-binding domain. Overexpression of RAC3 enhances the ligand-dependent transcriptional activation by the receptors in mammalian cells. Sequence analysis reveals that RAC3 is related to steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC-1) and transcriptional intermediate factor 2 (TIF2), two of the most potent coactivators for steroid/nuclear receptors. Thus, RAC3 is a member of a growing coactivator network that should be useful as a tool for understanding hormone action and as a target for developing new therapeutic agents that can block hormone-dependent neoplasia.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Aug 5 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes