Radiation Oncologists’ Views on Breast Radiation Therapy Guidelines: Utilizing an Online Q&A Platform to Assess Current Views on Whole-Breast Irradiation Therapy

Kristin Hsieh, Nadine Housri, Bruce Haffty, Benjamin Smith, Lindsay M. Burt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Poor adherence to the 2011 American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) evidence-based guideline on whole-breast irradiation (WBI) has been reported. We utilized theMednet to assess the views of the updated 2018 guideline among radiation oncologists (ROs). Methods: We identified 11 questions asked by community ROs on theMednet, a web-based platform, between October 27, 2014 and May 2, 2017 that were updated in the 2018 guideline. New answers provided by senior authors of the 2018 guideline, cited guidelines, and polls to survey ROs were disseminated in 3 theMednet's newsletters between March 16, 2018 and May 1, 2018. Any question with less than 60% consensus was resubmitted on October 9, 2019 and assessed on February 13, 2020. Results: A total of 792 ROs responded to the initial surveys. In each survey, the answer choice(s) that received the majority of the votes aligned with the 2018 guideline. The strongest consensus was for the use of hypofractionated (HF)-WBI regardless of histology (97%), followed by HF-WBI boost dose (92%), molecular subtype (90%), grade (88%), and concurrent use of trastuzumab (87%). The least consensus was for age at which HF-WBI should be offered with 53% of respondents, specifically 73% of academic ROs versus 47% of community ROs (P = .001), agreeing with the guideline. The re-submitted survey 19 months later showed 77% of 287 new respondents now agreed with the guideline regarding age. Conclusion: The majority of ROs concur with the 2018 WBI guideline in theMednet surveys, with better agreement among academic ROs than community ROs for certain components of the guideline. Further research into the different practice patterns may optimize patient care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)408-416
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Breast Cancer
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Keywords

  • American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) evidence-based guideline
  • Breast cancer
  • Continuing medical education
  • Conventionally fractionated-whole breast irradiation (CF-WBI)
  • Hypofractionated (HF)-WBI

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