Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) are among the most concerned environmental pollutants on the priority list, and their degradation is difficult to achieve. Hence, developing cost-effective technologies for destroying or detoxifying PCDDs are in high demand. This study investigated the reductive dechlorination of 1,2,3,4-TCDD in the presence of bimetallic Ag/Fe catalysts under aqueous solution and mild temperature conditions. It was found that Ag/Fe catalyst can rapidly transform 1,2,3,4-TCDD to less chlorinated PCDDs and the reaction was pseudo-first-order with respect to the reactant concentration. The dechlorination route of 1,2,3,4-TCDD in the Ag/Fe systems was found to be stepwise and the pathway of from 1,2,3,4-TCDD to DD via 1,2,4-TrCDD, 1,2-DCDD and MCDD was the major one. The surface-area-normalized rate constant (kSA) corresponding to the silver bulk loading of 0.0060mol%, 0.0125mol% and 0.0228mol% was 0.0155, 0.0399 and 0.0421Lh-1m-2 respectively. Compared to our prior study of reductive dechlorination of 1,2,3,4-TCDD with bimetallic Pd/Fe catalysts as the catalyst, the reactions with bimetallic Ag/Fe particles were faster for TCDD, but much slower for the intermediates of TrCDDs, DCDDs and MCDD. Our results suggest that bimetallic Ag/Fe is a suitable candidate for rapidly reducing highly chlorinated PCDDs to less or non-chlorinated daughter products.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Bimetallic Ag/Fe
- Reaction kinetics