Rapid detection of rpoB gene mutations conferring rifampin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Wanyuan Ao, Stephen Aldous, Evelyn Woodruff, Brian Hicke, Larry Rea, Barry Kreiswirth, Robert Jenison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains are widespread and present a challenge to effective treatment of this infection. The need for a low-cost and rapid detection method for clinically relevant mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis that confer multidrug resistance is urgent, particularly for developing countries. We report here a novel test that detects the majority of clinically relevant mutations in the beta subunit of the RNA polymerase (rpoB) gene that confer resistance to rifampin (RIF), the treatment of choice for tuberculosis (TB). The test, termed TB ID/R, combines a novel target and temperature-dependent RNase H2-mediated cleavage of blocked DNA primers to initiate isothermal helicase-dependent amplification of a rpoB gene target sequence. Amplified products are detected by probes arrayed on a modified silicon chip that permits visible detection of both RIF-sensitive and RIF-resistant strains ofM. tuberculosis.DNAtemplates of clinically relevant single-nucleotide mutations in the rpoB gene were created to validate the performance of the TB ID/R test. Except for one rare mutation, all mutations were unambiguously detected. Additionally, 11 RIF-sensitive and 25 RIF-resistant clinical isolates were tested by the TB ID/R test, and 35/36 samples were classified correctly (96.2%). This test is being configured in a low-cost test platform to provide rapid diagnosis and drug susceptibility information for TB in the point-of-care setting in the developing world, where the need is acute.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2433-2440
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of clinical microbiology
Volume50
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)

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