Rapid intracellular transport of LDL-derived cholesterol to the plasma membrane in cultured fibroblasts

Dawn Brasaemle, A. D. Attie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The kinetics of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol transport to the plasma membrane of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells was studied. LDL was reconstituted with [3H]cholesteryl linoleate and added to CHO cells in a pulse-chase experiment. The internalization and lysosomal cleavage of reconstituted LDL (rLDL) [3H]cholesteryl linoleate to free [3H]cholesterol occurred with a half-time of 37 min after a 30-min lag. The rate of transport of released [3H]cholesterol to the plasma membrane was measured by brief (20-30 sec) cholesterol oxidase treatment of intact, adherent cells; the half-time of transport was 42 min. The similarity in the rate of free cholesterol release from rLDL and transport of this cholesterol to the plasma membrane suggests very rapid transport of rLDL cholesterol from the lysosome to the plasma membrane. Cells were shown to be intact throughout the cholesterol oxidase treatment by the absence of cell-derived lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity or K+ in the assay buffer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-112
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume31
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

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Fibroblasts
Cell membranes
LDL Lipoproteins
LDL Cholesterol
Cholesterol Oxidase
Cholesterol
Cell Membrane
Cricetulus
Ovary
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
Assays
Buffers
Lysosomes
Cells
Kinetics
Experiments
cholesteryl linoleate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

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abstract = "The kinetics of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol transport to the plasma membrane of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells was studied. LDL was reconstituted with [3H]cholesteryl linoleate and added to CHO cells in a pulse-chase experiment. The internalization and lysosomal cleavage of reconstituted LDL (rLDL) [3H]cholesteryl linoleate to free [3H]cholesterol occurred with a half-time of 37 min after a 30-min lag. The rate of transport of released [3H]cholesterol to the plasma membrane was measured by brief (20-30 sec) cholesterol oxidase treatment of intact, adherent cells; the half-time of transport was 42 min. The similarity in the rate of free cholesterol release from rLDL and transport of this cholesterol to the plasma membrane suggests very rapid transport of rLDL cholesterol from the lysosome to the plasma membrane. Cells were shown to be intact throughout the cholesterol oxidase treatment by the absence of cell-derived lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity or K+ in the assay buffer.",
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Rapid intracellular transport of LDL-derived cholesterol to the plasma membrane in cultured fibroblasts. / Brasaemle, Dawn; Attie, A. D.

In: Journal of Lipid Research, Vol. 31, No. 1, 01.01.1990, p. 103-112.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Rapid intracellular transport of LDL-derived cholesterol to the plasma membrane in cultured fibroblasts

AU - Brasaemle, Dawn

AU - Attie, A. D.

PY - 1990/1/1

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N2 - The kinetics of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol transport to the plasma membrane of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells was studied. LDL was reconstituted with [3H]cholesteryl linoleate and added to CHO cells in a pulse-chase experiment. The internalization and lysosomal cleavage of reconstituted LDL (rLDL) [3H]cholesteryl linoleate to free [3H]cholesterol occurred with a half-time of 37 min after a 30-min lag. The rate of transport of released [3H]cholesterol to the plasma membrane was measured by brief (20-30 sec) cholesterol oxidase treatment of intact, adherent cells; the half-time of transport was 42 min. The similarity in the rate of free cholesterol release from rLDL and transport of this cholesterol to the plasma membrane suggests very rapid transport of rLDL cholesterol from the lysosome to the plasma membrane. Cells were shown to be intact throughout the cholesterol oxidase treatment by the absence of cell-derived lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity or K+ in the assay buffer.

AB - The kinetics of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol transport to the plasma membrane of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells was studied. LDL was reconstituted with [3H]cholesteryl linoleate and added to CHO cells in a pulse-chase experiment. The internalization and lysosomal cleavage of reconstituted LDL (rLDL) [3H]cholesteryl linoleate to free [3H]cholesterol occurred with a half-time of 37 min after a 30-min lag. The rate of transport of released [3H]cholesterol to the plasma membrane was measured by brief (20-30 sec) cholesterol oxidase treatment of intact, adherent cells; the half-time of transport was 42 min. The similarity in the rate of free cholesterol release from rLDL and transport of this cholesterol to the plasma membrane suggests very rapid transport of rLDL cholesterol from the lysosome to the plasma membrane. Cells were shown to be intact throughout the cholesterol oxidase treatment by the absence of cell-derived lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity or K+ in the assay buffer.

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