Rapid phytolith extraction for analysis of phytolith concentrations and assemblages during an excavation: An application at Tell es-Safi/Gath, Israel

Ofir Katz, Dan Cabanes, Stephen Weiner, Aren M. Maeir, Elisabetta Boaretto, Ruth Shahack-Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations

Abstract

A rapid phytolith extraction procedure is described, that allows phytolith concentrations and morphotype assemblages to be analyzed within hours. This procedure enables the results of these analyses to be used during an archaeological excavation, in order to better understand how plants were used. The new procedure was tested using a standard phytolith extract and two experimental phytolith-sediment blends and found to be both accurate and precise. The reliability of partial slide counting was evaluated and found to be as accurate and precise as existing phytolith quantification methods. The new extraction and counting procedures were applied to an archaeological site, Tell es-Safi/Gath, Israel. The results demonstrate how information on phytolith concentrations in sediments that are available from one day to the next, can be used during an excavation to more effectively document the local features of interest and obtain better information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1557-1563
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Volume37
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

Keywords

  • Phytolith concentration
  • Phytolith extraction
  • Tell es-Safi/Gath

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Rapid phytolith extraction for analysis of phytolith concentrations and assemblages during an excavation: An application at Tell es-Safi/Gath, Israel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this