Real-time monitoring technology in single-case experimental design research: Opportunities and challenges

Kate H. Bentley, Evan Kleiman, Grace Elliott, Jeffery C. Huffman, Matthew K. Nock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Single-case experimental design (SCED) is a rigorous method of studying behavior and behavior change. A key characteristic of SCED is repeated, systematic assessment of outcome variables, which is critical to achieving high internal validity, collecting a sufficient number of observations to conduct adequately powered statistical analyses, capturing dynamic and fine-grained changes in outcomes, and tailoring interventions at the individual level. Recent advances in real-time monitoring technology, such as digital ecological momentary assessment, passive smartphone-based behavioral tracking, and physiological assessment with wearable biosensors, are extremely well-suited to conducting these repeated, systematic measurements. Here, we discuss the rationale for incorporating real-time data collection technologies within SCED and highlight how recent studies have paired SCED with real-time monitoring. We also present original data illustrating how real-time digital monitoring can provide an idiographic and granular view of behavior (in this case, suicidal ideation). Last, we discuss the challenges of, and offer our recommendations for, using real-time monitoring technologies in SCED research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-96
Number of pages10
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume117
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

Fingerprint

Research Design
Technology
Research
Suicidal Ideation
Biosensing Techniques
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Keywords

  • Ecological momentary assessment
  • Passive sensing
  • Real-time monitoring
  • Single-case experimental design
  • Technology

Cite this

Bentley, Kate H. ; Kleiman, Evan ; Elliott, Grace ; Huffman, Jeffery C. ; Nock, Matthew K. / Real-time monitoring technology in single-case experimental design research : Opportunities and challenges. In: Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2019 ; Vol. 117. pp. 87-96.
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Real-time monitoring technology in single-case experimental design research : Opportunities and challenges. / Bentley, Kate H.; Kleiman, Evan; Elliott, Grace; Huffman, Jeffery C.; Nock, Matthew K.

In: Behaviour Research and Therapy, Vol. 117, 01.06.2019, p. 87-96.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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