Reconstruction of Tertiary progradation and clinoform development on the New Jersey passive margin by 2-D backstripping

Michael S. Steckler, Gregory S. Mountain, Kenneth G. Miller, Nicholas Christie-Blick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

149 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have reconstructed the Oligocene to Middle Miocene paleobathymetry and stratigraphy of the New Jersey margin using a modified backstripping technique. By analyzing the geometry of the margin through time, we investigate its response to fluctuating sea level, changing climate, and variable sediment supply during the Tertiary. The reconstructions reveal a change in the margin morphology from a more steeply dipping (1: 300 to 1: 500) carbonate ramp in the Eocene to a flatter shelf with a sharp shelf edge at present. This was accomplished by an increase in the terrigenous sediment supply that filled available accommodation and caused progradation across the margin. We link the increase in sediment flux with climatic cooling rather than tectonic processes. The progradation is evidenced by a series of clinoforms whose formation was modulated by sea level and which extend over 100 km across the shelf. The height and dip of the clinoforms increased as they extended onto the deeper parts of the earlier ramp. The Miocene clinoform rollovers at the New Jersey margin had water depths of ~60-130 m and are interpreted as the edge of a new continental shelf built over the older ramp. Sea-level fall was probably insufficient to drive the Miocene shorelines past the shelf breaks. Thus, measurements of sea-level amplitude based upon 'coastal' onlap over the clinoforms are not reliable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-420
Number of pages22
JournalMarine Geology
Volume154
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography
  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Keywords

  • Backstripping
  • Clinoform
  • Continental margins
  • Sea level
  • Sequence stratigraphy
  • Tertary climate

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