Recurrent cerebellar hemangioblastoma with enhancing tumor in the cyst wall: Case report

Frank S. Bishop, James K. Liu, Steven S. Chin, Daniel W. Fults

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: Hemangioblastoma is the most common primary intra-axial tumor of the adult posterior fossa and the tumor most often associated with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Resection of cerebellar hemangioblastoma involves tumor excision and drainage of associated cysts. The cyst wall is considered devoid of tumor cells and is not excised. We present: an unusual variant of hemangioblastoma that showed pathological evidence of a tumor within the cyst wall that correlated with radiographic cyst wall enhancement in a patient with recurrent hemangioblastoma. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: This 38-year-old woman with von Hippel-Lindau disease presented with a recurrent cerebellar hemangioblastoma despite two previous operations, during which the mural nodule was removed but the cyst wall was not Magnetic resonance imaging showed a cystic lesion with an enhancing mural nodule with atypical nodular enhancement throughout the cyst wall. INTERVENTION: Because the patient had a history of multiple recurrences, a gross total resection of the mural nodule and cyst wall was performed. At surgery, neovascularization and neoplasia within the cyst wall were visualized. Histopathological examination showed a capillary hemangioblastoma with tumor tissue inside the cyst wall. No clinical or radiographic evidence of recurrence was observed during 2 years of follow-up monitoring. CONCLUSION: This unusual case of hemangioblastoma with cyst wall enhancement demonstrates a correlation between enhancement on magnetic resonance imaging and presence of neoplasia within the cyst wall, and the importance of considering complete resection of these areas, including the cyst wall, for the prevention of recurrence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1378-1379
Number of pages2
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


  • Cyst wall enhancement
  • Hemangioblastoma
  • Tumor recurrence
  • Von Hippel-Lindau disease


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