The addition of inositol to the growth medium of Saccharomyces cerevisiae resulted in rapid changes in the rates of phospholipid biosynthesis. The partitioning of the phospholipid intermediate CDP-diacylglycerol was shifted to phosphatidylinositol at the expense of phosphatidylserine and its derivatives phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine. Serine at 133-fold greater concentrations than that of inositol shifted the partitioning of CDP-diacylglycerol to phosphatidylserine at the expense of phosphatidylinositol but to a much lesser degree. Kinetic experiments with pure phosphatidylserine synthase and phosphatidylinositol synthase indicated that the partitioning of CDP-diacylglycerol between phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylinositol was not governed by the affinities both enzymes have for their common substrate CDP-diacylglycerol. Instead, the main regulation of phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylserine synthesis was through the exogenous supply of inositol. The Km of inositol (0.21 mM) for phosphatidylinositol synthase was 9-fold higher than cytosolic concentration of inositol (24 microM). The Km of serine (0.83 mM) for phosphatidylserine synthase was 3-fold below the cytosolic concentration of serine (2.6 mM). Therefore, inositol supplementation resulted in a dramatic increase in the rate of phosphatidylinositol synthesis, whereas serine supplementation resulted in little affect on the rate of phosphatidylserine synthesis. Inositol also contributed to the regulation of phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylserine synthesis by having a direct affect on phosphatidylserine synthase activity. Kinetic experiments with pure phosphatidylserine synthase showed that inositol was a noncompetitive inhibitor of the enzyme with a Ki of 65 microM.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||The Journal of biological chemistry|
|State||Published - Dec 5 1988|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology