Rejuvenation of aged rat skin with pulsed electric fields

Xiaoxiang Li, Nima Saeidi, Martin Villiger, Hassan Albadawi, Jake D. Jones, Kyle P. Quinn, William G. Austin, Alexander Golberg, Martin L. Yarmush

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The demand for skin rejuvenation procedures has progressively increased in the past decade. Additionally, clinical trials have shown that current therapies might cause downtime and side effects in patients including prolonged erythema, scarring, and dyspigmentation. The goal of this study was to explore the effect of partial irreversible electroporation (pIRE) with pulsed electric fields in aged skin rejuvenation as a novel, non-invasive skin resurfacing technique. In this study, we used an experimental model of aged rats. We showed that treatment with pIRE promoted keratinocyte proliferation and blood flow in aged rat skin. We also found significant evidence indicating that pIRE reformed the dermal extracellular matrix (ECM). Both the collagen protein and fibre density in aged skin increased after pIRE administration. Furthermore, using an image-processing algorithm, we found that the collagen fibre orientation in the histological sections did not change, indicating a lack of scar formation in the treated areas. The results showed that pIRE approach could effectively stimulate keratinocyte proliferation, ECM synthesis, and angiogenesis in an aged rat model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2309-2318
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

Keywords

  • aged skin
  • electroporation
  • partial irreversible electroporation
  • pulsed electric field
  • skin rejuvenation

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