## Abstract

In this paper we develop techniques for computing the relative Brauer group of curves, focusing particularly on the case where the genus is 1. We use these techniques to show that the relative Brauer group may be infinite (for certain ground fields) as well as to determine this group explicitly for certain curves defined over the rational numbers. To connect to previous descriptions of relative Brauer groups in the literature, we describe a family of genus 1 curves, which we call "cyclic type" for which the relative Brauer group can be shown to have a particularly nice description. In order to do this, we discuss a number of formulations of the pairing between the points on an elliptic curve and its Weil-Chatêlet group into the Brauer group of the ground field, and draw connections to the period-index problem for genus 1 curves.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 921-949 |

Number of pages | 29 |

Journal | Israel Journal of Mathematics |

Volume | 192 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Nov 2012 |

Externally published | Yes |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Mathematics(all)