Republication de: Efficacy of photobiomodulation in the management of tinnitus: A systematic review of randomized control trials

S. Talluri, S. M. Palaparthi, D. Michelogiannakis, J. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

Abstract

There is a controversy in regards to the efficacy of photobiomodulation (PBM) in the management of tinnitus. The aim was to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that assessed the efficacy of PBM (low-level laser therapy) in the management of tinnitus. The focused question was “Is PBM effective in the management of tinnitus?”. Indexed databases were searched up to and including June 2020 using different combinations of the following key words: (a) laser; (b) diode; (c) low-level laser therapy; (d) photobiomodulation; (e) tinnitus; (f) medium-level laser; (g) photo-biomodulation; and (h) low-power laser; and RCTs performed on humans were included. Letters to the editor; case reports/series; commentaries; experimental studies and historic reviews were excluded. The risk of bias was assessed using the modified cochrane collaboration tool. The format of the current systematic review was personalized to summarize the appropriate information. Ten RCTs (2 single-blinded and 8 double-blinded) were included. One study reported 30% and 100% resolution of tinnitus using diode and Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet lasers; respectively. One study reported that PBM was effective in relieving tinnitus for up to 3 months. Eight studies reported that PBM was ineffective in the management of chronic tinnitus. The risk of bias was high; medium and low in 4; 5 and 1 studies; respectively. The effectiveness of PBM in the management of tinnitus remains debatable. Further power-adjusted and well-designed RCTs with long-term follow-up are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-91
Number of pages8
JournalAnnales Francaises d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-Faciale
Volume139
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Keywords

  • Diode
  • Lasers
  • Low-level laser therapy
  • Photobiomodulation
  • Tinnitus

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