Resiliency-based restoration optimization for dependent network systems against cascading failures

Jian Zhou, David W. Coit, Frank A. Felder, Dali Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Due to the increasing importance of large-scale and complex network systems and the potential for massive cascading failures in these real-world systems, modeling of system resiliency and optimization of restoration strategies to mitigate system performance loss caused by diverse disruptions is of significant interest among researchers and practitioners. Although society has experienced many incidents that demonstrate the influence of cascading failures aggravated by dependencies inside network systems, existing resiliency-based restoration optimization research rarely if ever jointly considers the impact of system dependencies on cascading failures. In this paper, different restoration prioritization strategies are applied to network systems subject to cascading failures that take into account system dependencies. By conducting case studies on synthetic networks and the U.S. airport network system, the effects of restoration strategies are evaluated using a system resiliency metric and two system performance measurements. The influence of system dependency characteristics and the interplay between them and restoration strategies on system resiliency regarding cascading failures are also investigated. This work demonstrates the distinct effects of restoration prioritization actions against cascading failures to mitigate the performance loss in network systems with different properties. It also provides insights about restoration improvement by considering dependency impacts to effectively reduce the intensity and extent of cascading failures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107383
JournalReliability Engineering and System Safety
StatePublished - Mar 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


  • Cascading failures
  • Restoration strategy
  • System dependency
  • System resiliency


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