HL-60 cells that stably express transfected wild-type (wt) p53 were used to determine whether restoration of wt p53 increased the chemosensitivity of cells that normally lack p53 activity. The wt p53 HL-60 transfectants (SN3 cells) were more sensitive than the parental (S) cells to a number of common anticancer drugs representing various mechanisms of action, whereas HL-60 cells transfected with p53 genes mutated at codons 248 and 143 were not sensitized. The sensitization ratio due to the transfected wt p53 varied from about 2-fold for cisplatin to over 50-fold for thymidine. Cells treated with the thymidylate synthase inhibitor 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (FdUrd) were used to study changes in various p53-associated gene expressions. A higher percentage of apoptotic cells among the SN3 cells was observed than among the S cells at each concentration of FdUrd. The S cells had undetectable levels of bax and high levels of bcl-2, whereas the SN3 cells had undetectable levels of bcl-2 levels and appreciable basal levels of bax. After FdUrd treatment of SN3 cells, both p53 and bax levels increased, but the induction of bax was faster than that of p53 and paralleled the appearance of apoptotic DNA laddering. FdUrd treatment induced p21 expression and increased the G1 fraction of the SN3 cells but did not induce p21 or change the phase distribution in the S cells. FdUrd treatment also induced the expression and phosphorylation of cyclin D1 in the SN3 cells but not in the S cells. These results show that transfected wt p53 confers multidrug sensitivity to HL-60 cells by re-adjustment of the expressions of apoptosis genes and displays other properties characteristic of endogenously originated wt p53.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - May 1998|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research