Restricted expression of the actin-regulatory protein, tropomyosin, defines distinct boundaries, evaginating neuroepithelium, and choroid plexus forerunners during early CNS development

Kelley Nicholson-Flynn, Sarah E. Hitchcock-DeGregori, Pat Levitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the hindbrain, rhombomeres represent morphological units that develop characteristic, segment-specific structures. Similar segments, known as prosomeres, have been proposed to exist in the forebrain. The neuroepithelial cells of the sharp boundary regions that form the borders between many segments often exhibit distinct shapes, reflecting unique cytoskeletal organization. The present investigation examined the expression of one family of actin-binding, regulatory proteins, the tropomyosins (TM), in boundaries. We found that high molecular weight TMs selectively concentrate in boundary cells and other neuroepithelial zones that exhibit unique cell shapes and movements. Specific TM expression is found at hindbrain boundaries as early as embryonic day 10 in the rat, whereas rhombomeres themselves were TM- negative. Highly restricted TM localization also defined some prosomere boundaries in the early forebrain, particularly those exhibiting unique cell shapes. Furthermore, several regions of the neuroepithelium that evaginate are TM-immunoreactive, including tuberal and preoptic neuroepithelium. Most striking, a subpopulation of neuroepithelial cells in the medial telencephalic wall expresses TM, apparently marking the neuroepithelial region that gives rise to the choroid plexus at least 2 d before its formation. This suggests that the medial cerebral wall is not entirely dedicated to generating cells that comprise allocortex. TM expression in the choroid plexus is maintained through initial evagination and appearance in all ventricles. The spatially restricted expression of TMs implicates that this actin-binding protein is involved in the dynamic regulation of cell shape or motility associated with boundary formation and morphogenesis of the neuroepithelium during critical stages of brain development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6853-6863
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume16
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Keywords

  • cell fate
  • cell shape
  • choroid plexus
  • cytoskeleton
  • prosomere
  • rhombomere
  • segmentation
  • tropomyosin

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