Reversible methylation of m6 Am in the 5′ cap controls mRNA stability

Jan Mauer, Xiaobing Luo, Alexandre Blanjoie, Xinfu Jiao, Anya V. Grozhik, Deepak P. Patil, Bastian Linder, Brian F. Pickering, Jean Jacques Vasseur, Qiuying Chen, Steven S. Gross, Olivier Elemento, Françoise Debart, Megerditch Kiledjian, Samie R. Jaffrey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

349 Scopus citations

Abstract

Internal bases in mRNA can be subjected to modifications that influence the fate of mRNA in cells. One of the most prevalent modified bases is found at the 5′ end of mRNA, at the first encoded nucleotide adjacent to the 7-methylguanosine cap. Here we show that this nucleotide, N6,2′-O-dimethyladenosine (m6 Am), is a reversible modification that influences cellular mRNA fate. Using a transcriptome-wide map of m6 Am we find that m6 Am-initiated transcripts are markedly more stable than mRNAs that begin with other nucleotides. We show that the enhanced stability of m6 Am-initiated transcripts is due to resistance to the mRNA-decapping enzyme DCP2. Moreover, we find that m6 Am is selectively demethylated by fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO). FTO preferentially demethylates m6 Am rather than N6-methyladenosine (m6 A), and reduces the stability of m6 Am mRNAs. Together, these findings show that the methylation status of m6 Am in the 5′ cap is a dynamic and reversible epitranscriptomic modification that determines mRNA stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-375
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume541
Issue number7637
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 19 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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