Risk factors for diabetic retinopathy in African-Americans with type I diabetes: The New Jersey study

Monique Roy, M. Borenstein

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. The New Jersey Diabetic Retino >atliy Study (NJDRS) is designed to determine the frequency and severity of diabetic retin >pathy in a randomly selected sample of type I diabetic African-American patients, listec in the New Jersey Hospital Discharge Data (HDD). The study examines relationship of severity of retinopalhy to diabetes duration, gender, glycémie control, blood pressure. ; nd socio-economic status. Methods. Clinical evaluation includes ocular examination, fundus photography, and structured clinical interview. Laboratory evaluation includes blood glycosylated hemoglobin and c-peptide le\els, and renal function tests. Survival an ilyses are used to test the relationship between putative risks and diabetic retinopathy. R<suits. Of the list of HDD patients(N=63,849). 786 patients were identified with type 1 diabetes; 476 of these (61%) have been enrolled. Recruitment methodology and demographi : data are presented. Preliminary data indicate that long duration of diabetes, glycémie con rol, systemic hypertension, and lack of medical insurance coverage are risk factors for retiropathy. Conclusion. This study will provide the first comprehensive data on severity of diabetic retinopathy and risk factors in type i African-American diabetic patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume38
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997

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Diabetic Retinopathy
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
African Americans
Insurance Coverage
Patient Discharge
Photography
Glycosylated Hemoglobin A
Economics
Interviews
Blood Pressure
Hypertension
Kidney
Peptides
Survival

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

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AB - Purpose. The New Jersey Diabetic Retino >atliy Study (NJDRS) is designed to determine the frequency and severity of diabetic retin >pathy in a randomly selected sample of type I diabetic African-American patients, listec in the New Jersey Hospital Discharge Data (HDD). The study examines relationship of severity of retinopalhy to diabetes duration, gender, glycémie control, blood pressure. ; nd socio-economic status. Methods. Clinical evaluation includes ocular examination, fundus photography, and structured clinical interview. Laboratory evaluation includes blood glycosylated hemoglobin and c-peptide le\els, and renal function tests. Survival an ilyses are used to test the relationship between putative risks and diabetic retinopathy. R

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