Background: RNA splicing defects are emerging molecular hallmarks of cancer. The gene encoding splicing factor RNA binding motif protein 10 (RBM10) has been found frequently mutated in various types of cancer, particularly lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), but how RBM10 affects cancer pathogenesis remains to be determined. Moreover, the functional roles and clinical significance of RBM10 mutation-associated splicing events in LUAD are largely unknown. Methods: RBM10 mutations and their functional impacts were examined in LUAD patients from a Chinese patient cohort and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Alternative splicing (AS) changes induced by RBM10 mutations in LUAD were identified by RNA sequencing and correlated with patient survival. Functions of RBM10 and the splice variants of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4H containing or lacking exon 5 (EIF4H-L and EIF4H-S respectively) in LUAD development and progression were examined by cellular phenotypic assays and xenograft tumour formation. Findings: RBM10 mutations in LUAD generally lead to loss-of-function and cause extensive alterations in splicing events that can serve as prognostic predictors. RBM10 suppresses LUADprogression largely by regulating alternative splicing of EIF4H exon 5. Loss of RBM10 in LUAD enhances the expression of EIF4H-L in LUAD. EIF4H-L, but not EIF4H-S, is critical for LUAD cell proliferation, survival and tumourigenesis. Interpretation: Our study demonstrates a new molecular mechanism underlying RBM10 suppressive functions in lung cancer and the therapeutic value of RBM10-regulated AS events, providing important mechanistic and translational insights into splicing defects in cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Alternative splicing
- Lung cancer