Robert H. Pudenz (1911-1998) and Ventriculoatrial Shunt: Historical Perspective

Subhas K. Konar, Tanmoy K. Maiti, Shyamal C. Bir, Piyush Kalakoti, Anil Nanda

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Robert H. Pudenz was a renowned neurosurgeon in North America in the 20th century, famous for his contributions in the evolution of the shunt valve and ventriculoatrial shunt surgery. With his innovative idea and help from Heyer, in 1955, he demonstrated that a venous catheter worked best when in the right atrium and that the slit valve should be located at the most distal portion of the shunt system to prevent retrograde filling and thrombosis. He also contributed to various experimental studies on the brain, especially the electrical response of different neural structures. This historical vignette focuses on the work of Robert Pudenz and the evolution of the ventriculoatrial shunt.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1437-1440
Number of pages4
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


  • Outcome
  • Robert Pudenz
  • Ventriculoatrial shunt


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