Role of B7 signaling in the differentiation of naive CD4+ T cells to effector interleukin-4-producing T helper cells

William C. Gause, Joseph F. Urban, Peter Linsley, Pin Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Signaling through the T cell receptor must be accompanied by costimulatory signals for the differentiation of naive T cells to cytokine-producing effector T helper cells. The costimulatory signal through CD28 is required for T cell activation resulting in increased interleukin (IL)-2 production in vitro, but its role in the production of IL-4 and in the in vivo response is still unclear. We have examined the effects of blocking CTLA-4 (the CD28 homologue) ligand interactions on the in vivo development of IL-4-producing T helper effector cells during a primary mucosal immune response to the nematode parasite Heligmosomoides polygyrus and during a primary systemic immune response to immunogenic anti-IgD antibodies. Our results demonstrate that CD28 and/or CTLA-4 signaling is required for T cell priming leading to IL-4 cytokine production, B cell activation, and IgE secretion during both immune responses, suggesting that other signaling molecules do not substitute for these molecules in either of these two different immune responses. Furthermore, the CD28 ligands, B7-1 and B7-2, can substitute for each other in providing the required T cell costimulatory ligand interactions during the primary immune response to H. polygyrus. In contrast, memory T cells during the challenge immune response do not require CD28/CTLA-4 ligand interactions for TL-4 production and T helper effector function. *** DIRECT SUPPORT *** A02GS028 00003

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-188
Number of pages13
JournalImmunologic Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1995
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology


  • B7
  • CD28
  • CD80
  • CD86
  • CTLA-4
  • Cytokines
  • Interleukin-4
  • T helper cells


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