Role of conserved sequence elements 9L and 2 in self-splicing of the Tetrahymena ribosomal RNA precursor

John M. Burke, Kenneth D. Irvine, Kotaro J. Kaneko, Barbara J. Kerker, A. Barbara Oettgen, William M. Tierney, Cynthia L. Williamson, Arthur J. Zaug, Thomas R. Cech

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Abstract

Oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis has been used to alter highly conserved sequences within the intervening sequence (IVS) of the Tetrahymena large ribosomal RNA precursor. Mutations within either sequence element 9L or element 2 eliminate splicing activity under standard in vitro splicing conditions. A double mutant with compensatory base changes in elements 9L and 2 has accurate splicing activity restored. Thus, the targeted nucleotides of elements 9L and 2 base-pair with one another in the IVS RNA, and pairing is important for self-splicing. Mutant splicing activities are restored by increased magnesium ion concentrations, supporting the conclusion that the role of the targeted bases in splicing is primarily structural. Based on the temperature dependence, we propose that a conformational switch involving pairing and unpairing of elements 9L and 2 is required for splicing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-176
Number of pages10
JournalCell
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 25 1986

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Burke, J. M., Irvine, K. D., Kaneko, K. J., Kerker, B. J., Oettgen, A. B., Tierney, W. M., Williamson, C. L., Zaug, A. J., & Cech, T. R. (1986). Role of conserved sequence elements 9L and 2 in self-splicing of the Tetrahymena ribosomal RNA precursor. Cell, 45(2), 167-176. https://doi.org/10.1016/0092-8674(86)90380-6