The role of sulfation in the processing of mucus glycoprotein in gastric mucosa was investigated. Rat gastric mucosal segments were incubated in MEM at various medium sulfate concentrations in the presence of [35S]Na2SO4, [3H]glucosamine and [3H]proline, with and without chlorate an inhibitor of PAPS formation. The results revealed that the mucin sulfation attained maximum at 300 microM medium sulfate concentration. Introduction of chlorate into the incubation medium, while having no effect on the protein synthesis as evidenced by [3H]proline incorporation, caused at its optimal concentration of 2 mM a 90% decrease in mucin sulfation and a 40% drop in mucin glycosylation. Evaluation of mucin molecular forms distribution indicated the predominance of the high molecular mucin form in the intracellular fraction and the low molecular mucin from in the extracellular fraction. Increase in medium sulfate caused an increase in the high molecular weight mucin form in both fractions, and this effect was inhibited by chlorate. Also, higher medium sulfate concentrations led to a higher degree of sulfation in the high molecular weight mucin form, the effect of which was inhibited by chlorate. The results suggest that the sulfation process is an early event taking place at the stage of mucin subunit assembly and is required for mucin polymer formation. Hence, the disturbances in mucin sulfation process could be detrimental to the maintenance of gastric mucus coat integrity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of physiology and pharmacology : an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society|
|State||Published - Dec 1991|
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