The present study examines the role of Ca2+ in the regulation of sympathetic neuroblast mitosis. Employing a fully defined neuroblast culture system, we previously found that insulin growth factors (IGFs), depolarization and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) regulated precursor mitosis. We now report that Ca2+ entry via voltage-sensitive channels was required for depolarization-stimulated mitogenesis. Ca2+ channel blockade with nitrendipine completely inhibited the increase in [3H]thymidine incorporation elicited by depolarizing stimuli including 30 mM KCl and the Na+ channel agonist veratridine. However, Ca2+ channel activity was not involved in the stimulation of DNA synthesis by IGFs or VIP. Thus, neuroblast mitosis may be regulated by multiple intracellular as well as extracellular signals.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology
- Insulin-like growth factor-1
- Somatomedin C
- Vasoactive intestinal peptide