S-phase-specific activation of Cds1 kinase defines a subpathway of the checkpoint response in Schizosaccharomyces pombe

Howard D. Lindsay, Dominic J.F. Griffiths, Rhian J. Edwards, Per U. Christensen, Johanne M. Murray, Fekret Osman, Nancy Walworth, Antony M. Carr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

320 Scopus citations

Abstract

Checkpoints that respond to DNA structure changes were originally defined by the inability of yeast mutants to prevent mitosis following DNA damage or S-phase arrest. Genetic analysis has subsequently identified subpathways of the DNA structure checkpoints, including the reversible arrest of DNA synthesis. Here, we show that the Cds1 kinase is required to slow S phase in the presence of DNA-damaging agents. Cds1 is phosphorylated and activated by S-phase arrest and activated by DNA damage during S phase, but not during G1 or G2. Activation of Cds1 during S phase is dependent on all six checkpoint Rad proteins, and Cds1 interacts both genetically and physically with Rad26. Unlike its Saccharomyces cerevisiae counterpart Rad53, Cds1 is not required for the mitotic arrest checkpoints and, thus, defines an S-phase specific subpathway of the checkpoint response. We propose a model for the DNA structure checkpoints that offers a new perspective on the function of the DNA structure checkpoint proteins. This model suggests that an intrinsic mechanism linking S phase and mitosis may function independently of the known checkpoint proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)382-395
Number of pages14
JournalGenes and Development
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology

Keywords

  • Cds1 kinase
  • DNA structure checkpoints
  • S-phase arrest
  • S. pombe

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