School climate and implementation of a preventive intervention

Anne Gregory, David B. Henry, Michael E. Schoeny, Leonard Eron, Nancy Guerra, David Henry, L. Rowell Huesmann, Patrick Tolan, Richard VanAcker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although there has been wide dissemination of research-based psychosocial prevention programs, a similarly strong research base to guide program implementation has been lacking. Program implementation has been particularly difficult for schools, due partly to insufficient understanding of how school ecologies interact with these programs. This study examined the effects of multiple dimensions of school climate on level and rate of change in implementation of a violence prevention intervention across three school years. Using multi-level modeling, the study found that teacher-reported support between staff and among teachers and students predicted higher average levels of implementation. Teacher-reported administrative leadership predicted greater growth in implementation across 3 years. Findings offer implications for an ecological model of program implementation that considers school-level contextual effects on adoption and sustainability of new programs in schools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)250-260
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
Volume40
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Keywords

  • Program implementation
  • School climate
  • Violence prevention

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