Search for cross-correlations of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays with BL Lacertae objects

R. U. Abbasi, T. Abu-Zayyad, J. F. Amann, G. Archbold, K. Belov, J. W. Belz, S. BenZvi, D. R. Bergman, S. A. Blake, J. H. Boyer, G. W. Burt, Z. Cao, B. M. Connolly, W. Deng, Y. Fedorova, J. Findlay, C. B. Finley, W. F. Hanlon, C. M. Hoffman, M. H. HolzscheiterG. A. Hughes, P. Hüntemeyer, C. C.H. Jui, K. Kim, M. A. Kirn, B. C. Knapp, E. C. Loh, M. M. Maestas, N. Manago, E. J. Mannel, L. J. Marek, K. Martens, J. A.J. Matthews, J. N. Matthews, A. O'Neill, C. A. Painter, L. Perera, K. Reil, R. Riehle, M. D. Roberts, D. Rodriguez, M. Sasaki, S. R. Schnetzer, M. Seman, G. Sinnis, J. D. Smith, R. Snow, P. Sokolsky, R. W. Springer, B. T. Stokes, J. R. Thomas, S. B. Thomas, G. B. Thomson, D. Tupa, S. Westerhoff, L. R. Wiencke, A. Zech

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93 Scopus citations


Data taken in stereo mode by the High Resolution Fly's Eye (HiRes) air fluorescence experiment are analyzed to search for correlations between the arrival directions of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays with the positions of BL Lacertae objects. Several previous claims of significant correlations between BL Lac objects and cosmic rays observed by other experiments are tested. These claims are not supported by the HiRes data. However, we verify a recent analysis of correlations between HiRes events and a subset of confirmed BL Lac objects from the 10th Veron Catalog, and we study this correlation in detail. Due to the a posteriori nature of the search, the significance level cannot be reliably estimated and the correlation must be tested independently before any claim can be made. We identify the precise hypotheses that will be tested with statistically independent data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)680-684
Number of pages5
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 I
StatePublished - Jan 10 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • BL Lacertae objects: general
  • Cosmic rays
  • Galaxies: active


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