Oncoviruses contribute significantly to cancer burden. A century of tumor virological studies have led to the discovery of seven well-accepted human oncoviruses, cumulatively responsible for approximately 15% of human cancer cases. Virus-caused cancers are largely preventable through vaccination. Identifying additional oncoviruses and virus-caused tumors will advance cancer prevention and precision medicine, benefiting affected individuals, and society as a whole. The historic success of finding human oncoviruses has provided a unique lesson for directing new research efforts in the post-sequencing era. Combing the experiences from these pioneer studies with emerging high-throughput techniques will certainly accelerate new discovery and advance our knowledge of the remaining human oncoviruses.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology
- clonal amplification
- clonal integration
- tumor virus
- whole-genome sequencing (WGS)