Secretory Carrier Membrane Protein 3 Interacts with 3A Viral Protein of Enterovirus and Participates in Viral Replication

Jia Ying Lu, Gary Brewer, Mei Ling Li, Kai Zhe Lin, Chien Chih Huang, Li Chen Yen, Jing Yi Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Picornaviruses are a diverse and major cause of human disease, and their genomes replicate with intracellular membranes. The functionality of these replication organelles depends on the activities of both viral nonstructural proteins and co-opted host proteins. The mechanism by which viral-host interactions generate viral replication organelles and regulate viral RNA synthesis is unclear. To elucidate this mechanism, enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) was used here as a virus model to investigate how these replication organelles are formed and to identify the cellular components that are critical in this process. An immunoprecipitation assay was combined with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis to identify 172 cellular proteins and four viral proteins associating with viral 3A protein. Secretory carrier membrane protein 3 (SCAMP3) was one of the host proteins we selected for further investigation. Here, we demonstrate by immunoprecipitation assay that SCAMP3 associates with 3A protein and colocalizes with 3A protein during virus infection. SCAMP3 knockdown or knockout in infected cells decreases synthesis of EV-A71 viral RNA, viral proteins, and viral growth. Furthermore, the viral 3A protein associates with SCAMP3 and phosphatidylinositol-4-kinase type III β (PI4KIIIβ) as shown by immunoprecipitation assay and colocalizes to the replication complex. Upon infection of cells with a SCAMP3 knockout construct, PI4KIII β and phosphati-dylinositol-4-phosphate (PI4P) colocalization with EV-A71 3A protein decreases; viral RNA synthesis also decreases. SCAMP3 is also involved in the extracellular signalregulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway to regulate viral replication. The 3A and SCAMP3 interaction is also important for the replication of coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3). SCAMP3 also associates with 3A protein of CVB3 and enhances viral replication but does not regulate dengue virus 2 (DENV2) replication. Taken together, the results suggest that enterovirus 3A protein, SCAMP3, PI4KIII β, and PI4P form a replication complex and positively regulate enterovirus replication. IMPORTANCE Virus-host interaction plays an important role in viral replication. 3A protein of enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) recruits other viral and host factors to form a replication complex, which is important for viral replication. In this investigation, we utilized immunoprecipitation combined with proteomics approaches to identify 3A-interacting factors. Our results demonstrate that secretory carrier membrane protein 3 (SCAMP3) is a novel host factor that associates with enterovirus 3A protein, phos-phatidylinositol-4-kinase type III β (PI4KIII β), and phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PI4P) to form a replication complex and positively regulates viral replication. SCAMP3 is also involved in the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway to regulate viral replication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-25
Number of pages25
JournalMicrobiology Spectrum
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Ecology
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Genetics
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Infectious Diseases

Keywords

  • 3A protein
  • PI4KIIIβ
  • PI4P
  • SCAMP3
  • enterovirus
  • replication complex

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