Selected contribution: Lung hypoxia: Antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects of liposomal α-tocopherol

T. Minko, A. Stefanov, V. Pozharov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study is to examine the antioxidant and antiapoptotic activity of liposomal α-tocopherol (LAT) in anesthetized rats exposed to severe hypoxia. It was shown that intratracheal application of LAT normalized lung phospholipid composition and inhibited lipid peroxidation in lung tissues, which in turn decreased lung edema and damage and improved breathing pattern, oxygen diffusion, and lung gas exchange. LAT also limited the overexpression of genes encoding hypoxia inducible factor-1α and both studied forms of phospholipase A2, and it increased the power of cellular antioxidant and antiapoptotic defense by overexpressing genes encoding Mn- and Cu-Zn-cofactored superoxide dismutases, Bcl-2, and heat shock 70 proteins. The overexpression of studied caspases and their activity were downregulated, which significantly (1.6-2 times) limited apoptosis in lung cells. Finally, all these positive changes decreased mortality during hypoxia from ∼60% in untreated animals to ∼30% in the group of rats treated with LAT. The data obtained indicate that LAT may be useful for the correction of hypoxic lung injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1550-1560
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume93
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Breathing pattern
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Lung edema
  • Vitamin E delivery

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