Selective MOCVD growth of ZnO nanotips

Sriram Muthukumar, Haifeng Sheng, Jian Zhong, Zheng Zhang, Nuri William Emanetoglu, Yicheng Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations

Abstract

ZnO is a wide bandgap semiconductor with a direct bandgap of 3.32eV at room temperature. It is a candidate material for ultraviolet LED and laser. ZnO has an exciton binding energy of 60 meV, much higher than that of GaN. It is found to be significantly more radiation hard than Si, GaAs, and GaN, which is critical against wearing out during field emission. Furthermore, ZnO can also be made as transparent and highly conductive, or piezoelectric. ZnO nanotips can be grown at relatively low temperatures, giving ZnO a unique advantage over the other nanostructures of wide bandgap semiconductors, such as GaN and SiC. In the present work, we report the selective growth of ZnO nanotips on various substrates using metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. ZnO nanotips grown on various substrates are single crystalline, n-type conductive and show good optical properties. The average size of the base of the nanotips is 40 nm. The room temperature photoluminescence peak is very intense and sharp with a full-width-half-maximum of 120 meV. These nanotips have potential applications in field emission devices, near-field microscopy, and UV photonics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-54
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • Fabrication
  • Nanotechnology
  • Semiconductor growth

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