SELF-CONCEPTS ACROSS TWO CULTURES: India and the United States

Nisha Dhawan, R. K. Naidu, Komilla Thapa, Ira J. Roseman, S. Ilsa Rettek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study compared the self-concepts of college students in India to those in the United States by administering the Twenty Statements Test. Self-statements were analyzed in terms of five categories (social identity, ideological beliefs, interests, ambitions, and self-evaluations) and a numberof subcategories (e.g., self-identity, group identity, gender role identity). Results indicated differential use of the categories and subcategories in the two cultures. For example, Americans made more self-evaluation statements, whereas Indians responded more in terms of social identity. Women in both cultures made more frequent use of stereotypical gender characteristics in describing themselves; men had a larger proportion of responses in the self-identity category. However, cross-cultural differences were much greater than gender differences. These findings shed light on major components of the self-concept and underline its culture-specific determinants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)606-621
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology

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